1. Some say the image of the man on the Shroud does not look like an ancient Israelite, and this mismatch is practically an implication of the view that the Shroud is a medieval forgery.
2. One critic (David Kyle Johnson Ph. D who writes a Psychology Today blog called “A Logical Take”): Ancient Israelites “… did not have that kind of hair or beard, or even that kind of nose. Instead, the image is more typical of how Jesus came to be depicted in art in the 14th century.”
3. It is naturally true that Yeshua as he appears on the Shroud resembles portraits of Yeshua since the 6th century based on -and sometimes coped directed from- the Shroud, but by reference to the oldest documented Israelite lineage in the world – that of the Samaritan High Priests -it can be seen that this is an Israelite appearance (Johnson simply doesn’t know what real Israelites look/looked like).
4. The office of “high priest” held by 132 priests in the last 34 centuries and dates back to Aaron, through his son Eleazar, and his son Phinehas. The unbroken genealogy is questionable, but nonetheless the office (the oldest continually occupied religious office in the world today) may go back at least as far as the Hellenistic period.
5. Mary, the mother of Yeshua, was a relative of Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist, who was a daughter of Aaron. Luke 1:36:
“Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month.” Luke 1:5:
“In the time of Herod king of Judea there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly division of Abujah; his wife Elizabeth was also a descendant of Aaron.”
6. Tribal identity was in ancient Israel always inherited via the father’s line, and so the possibility exists that the mother of Elizabeth was not a Levite, and that Mary -and hence Yeshua- was related to Elizabeth through the mother’s line rather than through the father’s line, but equally the possibility exists that the relationship was through the father’s line, in which case Yeshua’s genetic identity (regardless of the tribal identity nominally inherited via his father Joseph) was at least in part Aaronic.
7. A comparison of an image of Aaronic Samaritan High Priest Shalom ben Amram ben Yitzhaq (1922 – 2004) and the image on the Shroud reveals clear similarities:
9. I can go further and argue that a European descendant of the same Aaronic line – James Levingston of Callendar – resembles both Shalom ben Amram ben Yitzhaq (Download .pdf) and Yeshua:
10. And in any case the image of a son of a Samaritan High Priest resembles the image on the Shroud and Shroud-based images portraying Yeshua down the centuries: